Update on osteoporosis treatment

Publication date: Available online 9 April 2018
Source:Medicina Clínica (English Edition)

Author(s): Xavier Nogués, Daniel Martinez-Laguna

Treatment of osteoporosis should be directed primarily towards secondary prevention of fractures. The occurrence of drug-related adverse effects for the treatment of osteoporosis has led to a reevaluation of the indications, the duration of treatment and even withdrawal of some drugs from the market. This review has been made from different patient profiles that practitioners will find in usual practice; from patients with hip fracture with cognitive impairment, limitation of their day-to-day living activities and comorbidities, to active patients without any limitations; patients with vertebral fractures and non-vertebral fractures where secondary prevention is highly important. In general, antiresorptive drugs (alendronate and risedronate) will be the first choice. Zoledronate or denosumab will be indicated in cases of digestive intolerance, poor adherence or an increased risk of hip fracture. Teriparatide will be indicated to patients with 2 or more previous vertebral fractures or very low bone density.

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